Mysterious Underwater Crop Circles Created by Puffer Fish
Using underwater cameras, researchers in Japan found that small puffer fish swim through the day and night to create these vast organic sculptures, that look like crop circles, using the movement of a single fin. The team found the circles serve a variety of crucial ecological functions, the most important of which is to attract mates. Apparently the female fish are attracted to the hills and valleys within the sand and traverse them carefully to discover the male fish where the pair eventually lay eggs at the circle’s center, the grooves later acting as a natural buffer to ocean currents that protect the delicate offspring. Scientists also learned that the more ridges contained within the sculpture resulted in a much greater likelihood of the fish pairing. This video shows a puffer fish in the process of making one of the beautiful designs.
Egyptian City Found Underwater
1,200 years ago the ancient Egyptian city of Heracleion disappeared beneath the Mediterranean. Founded around 8th century BC, it is believed Heracleion served as the obligatory port of entry to Egypt for all ships coming from the Greek world.
Prior to its discovery in 2000 by archaeologist Franck Goddio and the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology, no trace of Thonis-Heracleion had been found (the city was known to the Greeks as Thonis).
The IEASM were able to locate, map and excavate parts of the city of Thonis-Heracleion, which lies 6.5 kilometers off today’s coastline about 150 feet underwater in the western part of Aboukir Bay.
Findings to date include:
- The remains of more than 64 ships buried in the thick clay and sand that covers the sea bed
- Gold coins and weights made from bronze and stone
- Giant 16-ft statues along with hundreds of smaller statues of minor gods
- Slabs of stone inscribed in both ancient Greek and ancient Egyptian
- Dozens of small limestone sarcophagi believed to have once contained mummified animals
- Over 700 ancient anchors for ships
To figure out how the city was completely lost and submerged in the ocean, researchers have developed a number of ideas. Most scientists suggest that the site was affected by geological and cataclysmic phenomena, such as earthquakes, tidal waves and changes in sea level. Analysis of the site also suggests great pressure on the soil with a high clay and water content which can cause sudden submergence under the sea-level.
These factors, whether occurring together or independently, may have caused significant destruction and explain the submergence of Thonis-Heracleion.
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The Amazing Underwater River in Cenote Angelita, Mexico
Some meters away before you get to the bottom of the cave, you see a river underneath, with trees and leaves floating on some liquid level. However it may seem like a river, it’s not a real river. It’s just a layer of hydrogen sulphide beneath. All in all, it looks startling and unforgettable when you get there and see it with your own eyes. On your way down you can actually see spectacular layers of rocks formed during the last ice age.
According to professional photographer, Anatoly Beloshchin, the underwater scenery is amazing. He describes, “We are 30 meters deep, fresh water, then 60 meters deep – salty water and under me I see a river, island and fallen leaves… Actually, the river, which you can see, is a layer of hydrogen sulphide.”
When a Lake Hides a Town in Transylvania
Lake Bezid presents a scene that is alternately bleak and hauntingly beautiful. The scene is surreal with half-sunken buildings looking like tombstones in the middle of the lake. Situated in the Transylvania region of Romania sits Lake Bezid. Adding an atmosphere of mystery, the lake hides the remains of a destroyed village. The whole town was flooded after an artificial dam failed. Some of the ruins lay visible lake-side, while in the lake, part of the church and its tower are still visible. Other buildings are completely underwater and decaying. With its submerged ghost town, Lake Bezid is an other-worldly place.
Award Winning Undersea Images
These amazing undersea images are just some of the winners of the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science 2013 underwater photography contest. Animals featured: a harbor seal, blue-ringed octopus, goliath grouper, a pod of dolphins and a male banded jawfish with his clutch of eggs.
The Cypress Forest in Caddo Lake
Caddo Lake is home to living trees that still grow even in their semi-submerged state. Located on the Texas-Louisiana border in the town of Uncertain, Caddo Lake is home to the world’s largest cypress forest. Caddo is also Texas’ only naturally formed lake and covers 32,700 acres of a maze of channels and meandering bayous within thousands of acres of Spanish moss draped cypress. The growth rings on the present day cypress trees have as many as 400 to 600 years worth. Caddo Lake was also the site of the world’s first off-shore drilling for oil.
The Cancun Underwater Museum
This truly unique “musuem” is one of the largest man-made underwater attractions on Earth and is located in Quintana Roo, Mexico. The Cancun Underwater Museum has over 400 life-size sculptures designed by English artist Jason deCaires Taylor. The installation is designed to become an artificial reef. The sculptures are all made from ph neutral clay in order to promote the growth of coral reefs and marine life.